A newly published study note The moon “Rusting”, panicking experts at the discovery.
Research, published Scientific progress, Rust may be the result of water found on the moon, but this is still shocking given the lack of oxygen and water shortages on Earth’s satellite.
“It’s very shocking,” said Shuai Li, the lead author of the study, at the University of Hawaii Statement. “The moon is a terrible atmosphere for hematite formation.”
Lee examined data from the JPL Moon Mineralogy Mapper, which, when researchers identified “spectral – or light-reflecting surfaces”, revealed that the Moon’s poles have a very different structure than the rest, “the statement said.
The spectra showed that the mineral hematite (Fe2O3) matched according to the abstraction of the study on the polar surfaces.
“Although oxidizing processes operate on the lunar surface and form ferric iron-bearing minerals, the obscure findings of ferric minerals formed under very low-lying conditions on the moon are unclear,” the researchers wrote in the abstract. “Our analysis of the lunar mineralogy mapping data shows that the ferric mineral hematite is found at higher latitudes on the Moon, which is related to the east and equator facing sides of the topographic elevations, and is more widespread in the vicinity.”
Rust, also known as iron oxide, gives Mars its red color.
“At first I didn’t fully believe it. It should not be based on the condition of the moon, ”added Freeman, co-author of the study, NASA JPL planetary geoscientist Abigail. “But since we discovered water on the moon, people speculate that if that water had reacted with rocks, it would have more diverse minerals than we would like.”
The atmosphere that provides oxygen to the moon and the sun’s solar wind do not supply hydrogen – it should act as a “reducer” to prevent oxidation – and scientists are worried about where the rust is coming from. However, thanks to the Earth’s magnetic field, they believe that the Moon may have “oxygen levels” from Earth.
The hematite found is not even close to any water ice found on the moon so far, which adds another layer of complexity to the findings. Scientists have suggested that dust particles hitting the moon could free water molecules from interacting with hematite, but more research is needed to determine if this is true.
“Small amounts of water and the impact of dust particles allow the iron in this body to corrode,” Freman explained.
“This discovery will reconstruct our knowledge of the lunar polar regions,” Li added. Statement. “Earth may have played an important role in the evolution of the lunar surface.”
The moon is a source of attraction to mankind Apollo Space missions in the middle of the twentieth century significantly increased mankind’s knowledge of our celestial satellites.
Scientists recently discovered the moon Water is lost When meteorites smash its surface, according to a study published in March 2019.
NASA’s Artemis mission reveals that solar winds greatly influence lunar eclipses, exposing them to radiation from the sun and leaving spots on the surface. Similar to “sunburn” Due to the weak magnetic field of the Moon.
A separate study was published in August 2019 Suggested The Moon is 100 million years older than previously believed by analyzing lunar rocks taken by the Apollo astronauts.