In 79 AD, Mount Vesuvius erupted, burying the cities of Pompeii, Oplondis, and Stabia under ashes and rock fragments, and burying Herculaneum in a mudslide.
Mount Vesuvius on the west coast of Italy is the only active volcano on the continent of Europe and one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world.
In the southern Italian city, every resident died instantly from the impact of the 500 C pyroclastic heat.
Pyroclastic flows are a dense collection of hot gas and volcanic material flowing along the edge of a volcano that erupts at high speeds.
They are more dangerous than lava because they travel at speeds of up to 450 miles per hour (700 km / h) and temperatures as high as 1,000 degrees Celsius.
Pliny the Younger, an administrator and poet, observed the tragedy unfolding from afar.
Letters describing what he saw were found in the sixteenth century.
His writing indicates that Pompeii residents were unaware of the explosion.
In 79 AD, Mount Vesuvius erupted, burying the cities of Pompeii, Oplondis, and Stabia under ashes and rock fragments, and burying Herculaneum in a stream of mud.
He said a column of smoke ‘like an umbrella pine’ had risen from the volcano and darkened the surrounding towns like night.
People cried with torches and screams as it rained ash and pumice for hours.
When the eruption lasted about 24 hours, the first pyroclastic surgeries began at midnight, causing the volcanic eruption to erupt.
An avalanche of hot ash, rock, and poison gas erupted 124 miles (199 km) along the edge of the volcano, burying victims and the remains of everyday life.
Hundreds of refugees on the beach in Herculaneum were killed instantly with their jewelery and money.
Orto de Fugiochi (Garden of the Fugitives) shows the bodies of 13 victims buried in ashes while trying to flee Pompeii during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79.
When people fled from Pompeii or hid in houses, their bodies were covered with blankets of leaps and bounds.
Although Pliny did not estimate how many people died, the event is said to be extraordinary, with more than 10,000 deaths.
What did they find?
This event put an end to the life of the cities but preserved them until 1700 years later when they were rediscovered by archaeologists.
The excavations at Pompeii, an industrial center in the area, and Herculaneum, a small beach resort, provided unparalleled insight into Roman life.
Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching the final conclusions about the location of the ash-covered city.
In May, archaeologists found a path to the large houses, the balconies undamaged and left in their original colors.
Plaster cast of a dog from the House of Orpheus in Pompeii, 79 AD. About 30,000 people are believed to have died in the tragedy, and bodies are still found today
Some balconies even had amphorae – angular terra cotta vessels used to hold wine and oil in ancient Roman times.
The discoveries were hailed as a complete novelty – the Italian Ministry of Culture hopes to restore them and open them to the public.
Upper stores are rarely found among the ruins of the ancient city, which was destroyed by the eruption of the Vesuvius volcano and buried up to six meters of ash and volcanic debris.
It is estimated that 30,000 people died in the disaster, and bodies are still found today.
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