Maranhao warns of the role of Brazilian mangroves in climate change Maranhao

Maranhao warns of the role of Brazilian mangroves in climate change  Maranhao

A group of Brazilian scientists had a publication in one of the world’s leading scientific journals: A Science. In a letter dated March 17, 20 scientists, including several scientists from Maranho, warned of the need to protect the country’s mangroves in the fight against climate change.

The study recalls Brazil is the second largest mangrove country in the world, Second only to Indonesia. The country also has the largest continuum of mangrove forests between the coasts of Para and Maranho. Habitat provides food security for fish and birds, as well as am Natural carbon dioxide ‘hijacker’.

Our publication aims to draw the international community’s attention to the vital potential of Brazilian mangroves for CO2 (the main greenhouse gas generated by human activity) in its “mud” (so-called indiscriminate mangrove soils). Denilson Bezera, a researcher in the Department of Oceanography and Limology at UFMA.

The road from Guaxindiba Kandalkadu on the border of Bahia to Rാക്കoco Dos – Photo: Publicity / Secom

Maintains forests, but focuses on mangroves

According to scientists, Brazilian mangroves alone account for 3% to 8% of the planet’s carbon. As a solution, the team suggests creating a government monitoring program using the police force to prevent deforestation in mangroves.

“If Brazilian mangroves are included in the national strategy to reduce emissions from deforestation and deforestation (REDD), it could make Brazil an international reference in the fight against climate change. “, Says Denilson Bezera.

Waste accumulation adversely affects mangroves in Sao Louis – Photo: Reproduction / TV Miran

The letter also strengthens the warning that new changes in legislation will reduce the protection of this habitat. 2020 Resolutions, The National Environment Council (Konama) regulates deforestation and encroachment on ecologically protected areas with native vegetation, such as sandbanks and mangroves. Resolutions invalid in 2021 After Federal Supreme Court (STF) ruling that the laws are unconstitutional.

“We already know that mangroves are one of the most important habitats in the world as carbon sinks. In our work, this carbon stock can represent the great importance of Brazilian mangroves, their conservation and deforestation.

“In this context, I would like to emphasize the importance of restoration of deforested mangroves for the restoration of this habitat, especially in deforested areas. The recovery of the environment is further enhanced by the planting of seedlings and their growth. This role plays a fundamental role in the” account end “of the carbon stock.

Research involves research from all universities in Maranhോo (UFMA, UEMA, UEMASul, UniCEUMA, IFMA) and research institutes outside the state, such as the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and the Center for Monitoring Research and Disaster Alert. Nature (CEMADEN). They:

  • Denilson da S. Bezera, from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Adriano de Lima Santos, from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Janina Santos Bezera, from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Silvana Amaral from the National Institute for Space Research
  • Milton Campbell at the National Institute for Space Research
  • Liana O. Anderson, from the Natural Disaster Monitoring Center
  • Flavia Rebello Mochel, from the Federal University of Maranho
  • George Louis Silva Nunes, from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Nyla Ares de Arojo, from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Larissa Nacimento Barreto from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Maria Dr. SS Pinheiro from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Marcio Jose Celeri, from the Federal University of Maranho
  • Fabricio b. Silva, from Siuma University
  • Alexandro Mendon വി Vigas, from the School of Government of Maranho
  • Stella Manes, from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
  • Tysa CS Rodriguez, State University, Tokantina Region, Maranho
  • Jose C. Vigas from Coimbra University
  • Ulisses DV Souza, Federal University of Marenhao University College
  • Andre LS Santos, MA from the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology
  • Celso HL Silva-Jr., from Maranho State University

According to scientists, the next step is the completion of research by student Adriano de Lima Santos (Master Student / Prodema on Development and Environment at UFMA) entitled “The Possibilities of Marenhao Coastal Mangroves to Mitigate Climate Change”. , Which generates unprecedented data on the potential for sequestration and change in the marine regions of Maranho. Publication is scheduled for July 2022.

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