It is not a book with exact codes and rules, but a series of rituals that can vary greatly from place to place. There are less than a dozen states based on their organization based on religion
Islamic Emirate women do not want to be victims, they must be in governing structures based on the provisions of Sharia law. The sentence, reported today and attributed to a prominent member of the Afghan Taliban, made us think of the brutal and ruthless attitude of the new Kabul regime in the 1990s. Life and politics established by the Prophet. Exactly with the so-called Sharia. But what exactly is the second?
Sources of law
First, Sharia (literally meaning the way to the water) is not a written code: there are no codified and similar notes of a set of norms and rules in the entire Muslim world. Rather, it is a series of rituals, customs, and religious and moral laws that inspire the individual life of believers (e.g. fasting and prayer) and the organization of a community or state. Shariah is based on two primary sources, the Qur’an and the Sunnah (Muhammad’s set of works and words, categorized over centuries). However, in the Qur’an, only more than 6,000 to 80 verses contain specific legal obligations. The rest of the norms in the name of Shariah are the result of analysis, logic, and centuries of categorical studies that are not unique to the panorama of Islam and may vary from region to region.
Theocratic and secular states
There are about a dozen countries where the Qur’an in the theological sense fully inspires public life and the laws of punishment; These include Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Pakistan; In others, for example, the secular approach in North Africa and the Near East: religious principles govern only personal relationships (e.g. family law); Among others, the separation of state and total religion, Tunisia, Bosnia and the Middle East were born out of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The case of Saudi Arabia
This explains the profound legal differences that characterize states with large Muslim populations. It is equally true that where the Qur’an is the strict source of politics, the rights of individuals are greatly compressed. The situation of women in Saudi Arabia applies to everyone: it is forbidden to marry a non-Muslim, it is forbidden to go out of the house with a man, it is forbidden to do a lot of work, it is strictly segregated in public places and schools.
August 17, 2021 (Change August 17, 2021 | 17:13)
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