The investigation began in late 2020 as part of an operation to secure the Guatemalan Cave in Italy.
The Left Since Nine hominids Of the period Neanderthal Some of the animals of the time were found at a Paleolithic site in the Guatemalan Cave in the town of San Felice Circio in the province. Latin, In the middle Italy, The ministry reported today Culture Italiano
More than 80 years after the site’s discovery, in 1939, in collaboration with the Superintendent of Archeology of Frosinone, the University of Latin and Tor Vergata, the Italian Minister of Culture promised an “extraordinary discovery” that “everyone will speak”.
The investigation is still ongoing Fall 2020 As part of an operation for safety Cave Guatemari, Derived its name from the place where it was found and from the owner of the place where the first skull was found in February 1939.
Already at that time, thanks to the study of the paleontologist Alberto Carlo BlancThe great significance of this site, which is listed as one of the most important in Middle European Paleolithic, was immediately realized.
This is a very special atmosphere, he explained. Mario Rolfo, Professor of prehistoric archeology at the University of Tor Vergata, whose entrance gate was closed about 60,000 years ago, probably due to a landslide or an earthquake.
Inside, over time, “there is an extraordinary database of fossil elements, the remains of plants, the presence of humans and animals in these areas was unknown”, Neanderthal man regularly goes from 300 thousand to eight thousand years ago.
The new research extended specifically to one area of the cave, which did not even touch Blank’s work.
Several human remains were found in the area, including a skull cap, a piece of antiseptic, fragments of the skull (including two hemifrontals), fragments of the mandible, two teeth, three partial femurs, and other fragments in the identification process.
Nine of the new figures reconstructed by archaeologists have already been added to the two reconstructed in 1939, with only one woman, and they belong to different eras. In particular, they are from hominids that lived between 8000 50,000 and 68,000 years old, the oldest of which may have lived 100,000 to 90,000 years ago.
The remains of several animals that had been dragged away by the corpses of the victims, such as the hens who had last used the cave as a cave, were also found; Large herds of extinct; A rhinoceros, a giant deer (megaloceros), a cave bear, an elephant, and a wild horse.
In addition, the discovery of charcoal and burnt animal bones confirms the researchers’ assumption that there is “a structural home” in the cave.
It’s a landmark discovery in the history of Neanderthals’ population in Italy, ”he said. Mario Rubini, Director of Anthropological Services for the Provinces of Frosinone and Latin.
With information from EFE