The country agreed to accept the agreement, which was expected to limit the increase in the average temperature of the planet to 2 degrees Celsius and, if possible, to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Turkish parliament unanimously approved the Paris climate agreement on Wednesday evening, following a pledge made by the president at the UN General Assembly last month, according to a parliamentary channel that broadcast the vote live.
The decision was announced by Recep Tayyip Erdogan in New York at the end of September, making his country the 191st country to ratify the treaty, which, when approved in 2016, was able to limit the average temperature rise on the planet to 2. Degrees and, if possible, 1.5 C.
Recognition has not been finalized for 5 years
The approval comes three weeks before the World Climate Conference under the UN (COP26), which begins in Glasgow (United Kingdom) at the end of October.
In 2016, Turkey signed the Paris Agreement. It is one of the last major greenhouse gas emissions countries to adopt this text. Iran, Iraq, Libya, Yemen and Ethiopia are still missing.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan has so far justified his departure by pointing out the injustices of liability and weight-sharing as part of reducing pollution emissions: In the case of Ankara, efforts should be segregated between industrialized nations.
The country was hit by severe weather this summer
Turkey’s total greenhouse gas emissions have increased by more than 150% since 1990, according to official Turkish figures. But the problem quickly erupted in the country this summer, following climate change that killed hundreds of victims and caused more damage to nature, including wildfires and flooding along the Mediterranean coast this summer.
Persistent drought is also affecting Turkey, which is already forcing some growers to abandon their land and turn to new crops that require less water.
Conservationists are alarmed by Ankara’s desire to increase coal – based energy production, as Turkey’s plans to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 21% by 2030.
COP26 in Glasgow from late October to early November
Given the current commitment of the member states to the agreement, “the world is on a dangerous path of + 2.7 C”, recently warned by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, “If we do not change course collectively, there is a great risk of failure in COP26 in Glasgow.”
The conference will be held in Scotland from October 31 to November 12.
A study in April showed that three-quarters of Turks are aware of climate change. Among the main implications cited by the respondents were the escalation of extreme weather events, air pollution, inflation, and the issue of a country affected by inflation.
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