New Delhi A long white cloud was seen on Mars. These clouds are often seen in the Martian sky, which scientists have been observing for years. But now the secret behind it has been revealed. Mangalyan in India has also helped to uncover this secret. This long white snow-like cloud forms near the highest volcano in the Solar System.
The largest volcano in the Solar System
Learn about the nigo about this cloud, what is it? Why does Mars form? What is the reason for this? Mars is the largest volcano in the Solar System. Its name is Olympus Mons. This volcano is also said to be the tallest mountain in the Solar System. It is located in the southern part of Mars. Every year a long white tail of a white cloud can be seen from the top of Mars. This white cloud forms over Olympus Mons 80 times every day.
The tail was last seen at 1800 km. At the same time, its width was 150 km. This cloud is called the Arcia Mons Elongated Cloud. Arsia Mons Elongated Cloud Photo by European Space Agency (ESA) Mars Express Orby.
Create photos and videos
MEO’s Visual Monitoring Camera (VMC) created its images and videos. This camera is also known as the Mars Webcam. Scientists at the European Space Agency and NASA studied the cloud and discovered that it formed before sunrise. It was visible on the surface of Mars for about two and a half hours.
It was flowing from its tip to its tail at a speed of 600 kilometers per hour. Arsia Mons The longest cloud on Mars is also called the orthographic cloud. That is, it flows south to the surface. Even on Earth such clouds form many times, but their length and breadth are not so great.
Dynamic like a white cloud
This white cloud on Mars is not as dynamic as the Arsia Mons Elongated Cloud, this time near the Arsia Mons volcano. The cloud was flying at an altitude of 45 km above the base of the Arsia Mons volcano. Meanwhile, the Arsia Mons volcano is 20 km high.
Since 1976, 5 orbits of Mars from other countries, including the United States and Europe, have seen such clouds more than 100 times. But the Mars Express Orbiter – MEO helped to reveal its secret. VMC’s goal is to locate the missing Beagle-2 lander (Beagle-2 lander) on Mars, said Dmitry Titov, MEO’s project scientist. But this revealed a new thing.
Discovery of life in the atmosphere and surface
Scientists use this cloud to search for life in the atmosphere and surface of Mars. They are trying to find out if the cloud was caused by an eruption of the Arcia Mons volcano. But so far no evidence has been found. Scientists are also trying to find out how old these clouds are. The Arcia Mons long cloud ended in two and a half hours. Will other clouds last that long?
Five satellites, including the Mars Orbiter Mission of India, were used to study the cloud. NASA’s Maven, MRO, Viking-2 and Mars Express Orbiter are the remaining four missions. Photographs taken from Mangalyan also take photos of this cloud and its place of origin.
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