Sudan: Understand the military coup in the third largest country in Africa by 5 points | The world

Sudan: Understand the military coup in the third largest country in Africa by 5 points |  The world

The army carried out a coup This Monday (25) at Sudan, The third largest country in Africa in size, seized power After the arrest of interim Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdock, ministers and other civilian officials.

O General Abdul Fattah Al Burhan, The head of the council that oversees the country’s transition to democracy, made an official statement on state TV. The state of emergency was declared and the council and the transitional government led by Hamdock were dissolved..

Even before the speech, thousands of people took to the streets in the capital, Khartoum, and Ondurman to protest the coup., Blocked roads and burned tires, while security forces used tear gas to disperse them. (Watch the video below).

Protesters burn tires on the streets of the Sudanese capital, Khartoum

Understand the military coup at 5 points below:

  1. Where is Sudan?
  2. What was a transitional government
  3. What fraudsters say
  4. Population response
  5. The response of the international community

Sudan, the third largest country in Africa, has a similar population to Argentina World’s lowest human development index (HDI)..

The country is located between sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, and shares borders with seven neighboring countries (Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia, and Eritrea) in addition to access to the Red Sea. (See map below).

Sudan – Photo: g1

Its capital is Khartoum, where the White Nile and Blue Nile converge and form the Nile, and Islam is the country’s main religion.

Sudan has 0.510 HDI, ranking 189th, 170th with Haiti (the poorest country in the United States) and behind Afghanistan (169th).

What was a transitional government

The country has been ruled by an interim government since 2019, When the then dictator Omar al-Bashir was ousted. Al-Bashir ruled the country for three decades between 1989 and 2019 and relinquished power after protests.

Four months after the fall of the dictator, a sovereign committee consisting of civilians and military officials was formed to oversee the country’s transition to democracy.

The interim government was led by Abdullah Hamdock (Image below)General Abdul Fattah al-Burhan, the prime minister and head of the Sovereign Committee, who was arrested on Monday, made a statement on state TV after the coup.

Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdock in a photo taken in Berlin, Germany on February 14, 2020 – Photo: Hannibal Hanske / Reuters

It did not report where Hamdock was taken, and detained ministers and civilian members of the Sovereign Council.

Civilians and military councilors often disagreed and disagreed about the future of the country and the pace of transition to democracy. By September 21, the interim government had already faced a coup attempt.

General Burhan was to hand over the leadership of the Sovereign Committee to a civilian in the coming weeks, instead:

  • Arrested Hamdock, interim government ministers and civilian members of the Sovereign Committee;
  • Emergency declared across the country;
  • The Sovereign Committee and the Interim Government were dissolved.

Hours after the coup, Burhan made a statement on state TV across the country He declared a state of emergency, the dissolution of the council under his leadership, and the transitional government led by Hamdock. He said he would write a new constitution.

The general said disputes between political factions prompted the military to intervene The military will nominate a government to rule the country until elections in July 2023. But he made it clear that the army would remain in charge:

“The armed forces will continue to complete the democratic transition until the country’s leadership is handed over to an elected civilian government,” Burhan said.

General Abdul Fattah al-Burhan, the head of Sudan’s Sovereign Council, declared a state of emergency across the country, disbanded the council that oversaw the transition, and dissolved the transitional government led by the prime minister. Arrested by Army – Photo: Sudan TV via AP

Population response

The Sudan Professionals Association (SPA), the main group responsible for the protests that led to the ouster of dictator Omar al-Bashir, Called on the people to go on a general strike and call for an end to the military coup..

We urge the people to take to the streets, seize them, close all roads with barricades, hold general strikes, refrain from cooperating with the saboteurs and break the law to deal with them, ”the group said in a statement.

Even before Burhan’s speech, thousands of people took to the streets of Khartoum and Ondurman to protest. Security forces used tear gas to disperse them.

Al-Arabiya TV reports that several people were injured in clashes between protesters and soldiers near barracks in the capital. The local medical committee said 12 people were injured in the clash.

Protesters burn tires on the streets of the Sudanese capital, Khartoum

Protesters burn tires on the streets of the Sudanese capital, Khartoum

The president of the African Union said in a statement that political leaders in Sudan should be released. The United Nations, the United States and the European Union have expressed concern over Monday’s incident.

Jeffrey Feltman, the US special envoy to the region, said the country was “deeply concerned” by the news. The U.S. met with Sudanese officials over the weekend to resolve a growing political dispute between civilian and military leaders..

White House spokeswoman Karen Jean-Pierre said the U.S. government was rejecting military action and demanded the immediate release of the prime minister and others under house arrest.

Joseph Borel, the European Union’s head of foreign affairs, said he was following the events in Sudan “with the utmost concern.” UN envoy Volker Perts said the group was “deeply concerned” over reports of a coup in Sudan.

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