Senior researchers in the world of ancient DNA were the first to formulate an international code of ethics

לקיחת דגימת DNA משלד עתיק המחשה: depositphotos.com

Significant increases in recent decades in the study of ancient DNA from human remains, its influence in archeology and other fields, have led to the need to develop dedicated ethical standards that guide those involved in the craft.

For the first time in the world, a team of international experts from Tel Aviv University has developed a code of ethics for the study of ancient DNA. Development of dedicated ethical standards that guide those engaged in craft.

The Ethics Code is compiled by 64 international researchers from 31 different countries, including archeology, anthropology, treasures, archeology and genetics, and paleo genetics. The research group includes anthropologist and paleo-geneticist Dr. Vivian Salon is included. Faculty of Medicine, Dan David Center for the Study of Human History, Tel Aviv University Code of Ethics was recently published in the prestigious journal Nature.

He said that ancient DNA research had unique aspects. Salon explains that it raises the need for moral control – firstly, examining the origins of the past has social and political implications today, and secondly, the function of ancient DNA interacts with people who lived in the past. Ancient DNA ethics has so far been written from the perspective of scholars influencing Native American society suffering from a difficult history of colonial exploitation of European descent. Advice with the descendants of the Native community should be sought from the community’s subscribers for research on its various stages. The proposal was to extend this approach not only to the United States.

They say that this aspect may sometimes raise some not-so-simple research confusions, because although not all ancient peoples have descendants today, all present-day society, a branch of ancient society, has never felt any connection with its ancestors.

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At the same time, the code of ethics includes, among other things, compliance with all restrictions and regulations applicable to research sites and the discovery of human remains, including mitigation of research-related damages. Human remains. The researchers agreed to collaborate with other participants in the research and to respect their perspectives, including the successors of local communities and parallel researchers in various fields.

Dr. Says Saloon: “The guidelines we offer cover a wide range of research, from the planning stage, to sampling and sharing data and results, and communicating with our colleagues involved in the study of ancient human remains. The public. This is a worldwide project that was born in a virtual meeting about a year ago, in which there was a broad consensus on the need for moral control of the field, which is evolving, and the product is here. It is expected to have a significant impact, and the article is currently being translated into dozens of languages ​​- including Hebrew.

Dr. Salon adds: “As you may recall, researchers at the Shmonis Institute of Anthropology and the Dan David Center for the Study of Human History recently led a revolutionary study of the discovery of ancient man in the Nesher Ramla plant area.” , Will allow us to maximize scientific achievements in this area and in Israel and around the world.

ToScientific article

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