Scientists are designing the most suitable source of energy for Mars, what is it?


There are several sources of energy that can be used depending on where the mission is located.

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, Jakarta – According to a new study, solar energy is more suitable for missions than nuclear power. Tuesday Humans near the equator of the planet. The researchers found that the photovoltaic system would strengthen the six-man Red Planet mission.

These findings add to decades of research into the benefits of solar energy already used by NASA’s Mars rover robots such as the Spirit and Opportunity Rover and Insight Lander.

The authors of the study also show that humans can clean solar panels on site, eliminating the dust problem that has plagued Mars probes in the past. Please note, in 2018, Opportunities In a big dust storm.

The team’s simulations show that as long as the man-made mission is near the equator rich on Mars’ sun, the use of solar energy will be more effective than a nuclear fission system.

Solar energy can be stored on site using compressed hydrogen power systems. Therefore, it is possible to mine hydrogen on the surface of Mars if necessary.

“Near the equator, the sun shines; near the poles, the nuclei are the best,” said Aaron Berliner, a study co – author and graduate student in biotechnology at the Arkine Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley.

On the other hand, the pole of Mars presents a harsh climate for explorers. Low sunlight and high temperature variation compared to equatorial regions.

The researchers considered not only the mass and energy of the two competing systems, but also the environmental factors, including how gases and particles in the atmosphere of Mars absorb and bend light. The goal is to find out how much solar radiation reaches the surface of Mars and where to place the best solar panels.

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The solar array uses water to split water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen, which are then stored in hydrogen pressure tanks. Later, hydrogen is electrified and used to generate electricity in fuel cells.

Unused hydrogen can be recycled to produce ammonia, which can be used to fertilize plants. Researchers say Mars could use other technologies, including hydrolysis of water to build hydrogen and hydrogen fuel cells.

The new research is published in the journal Boundaries in astronomy and space science On April 27th.

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