Middle East Technical University (METU) Director of the Institute of Marine Sciences Prof. Dr. According to research titled “Climate change, ecosystem services and local management strategies”, the Mediterranean sea level has risen by 6 cm in the last 20 years under the leadership of Bar Salihov, led by SG Shahin Yusal, Valeria Ibello and Mustafa Yusal. Due to global warming, if no action is taken, the increase will continue to increase.
Evaluating the research, Prof. Salihoslu stated that the new report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) further strengthens the accuracy of the information presented on climate change. Salihoslu pointed out that the Mediterranean is one of the most sensitive areas affected by climate change.
‘If no precautions are taken, we expect an extra power in 10 years’
Explaining that the sea surface temperature in the Turkish seas is high, Salihoslu said, “Due to global warming, the sea surface temperature in the Mediterranean has risen by 1.4 degrees Celsius and 6 cm in the last 20 years. . As the capacity of the oceans decreases, carbon dioxide decreases and temperatures rise more rapidly, which is reflected in sea level rise in the Mediterranean, ”he said.
In moderation the pollution is intense and the water quality is low
Prof. Dr. Noting that the Mediterranean heat is increasing day by day, Barre Salihoslu said: “Especially in coastal areas, the effects of climate change are not reflected as much as in the marine habitat. Invasion species, temperature and pollution are particularly important.We need to develop comprehensive measures to reduce resistance to biodiversity and habitats.
‘Raise fire, has a serious impact on the marine environment’
Underlining that Turkey has become drier due to climate change, Salihoslu stated that rainfall will only increase in the Black Sea region in the coming years. Prof. Dr. Stating that global climate change will reduce the amount of freshwater entering the oceans, Barെa Salihoslu said, “As rainfall decreases, humidity decreases and fires increase. Increasing fires also have a serious impact on marine habitats. Is very important. Some of our inland lakes may dry up completely by the 2040s due to drought, ”he said.
What to do?
Stating that the impact of climate change cannot be directly controlled because it is a global problem, Sallyholes offered the following suggestions: “As a country we cannot control the climate, we need to take other measures, for example, we must reduce the pressure on fishing. We need to reduce pollution in all our oceans. Make it more resistant to changing weather. In addition, protection areas are very important. Biodiversity and the oceans will be more resistant to climate change. “
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