Life expectancy was 15 years in total. But the age is over 9 years. Although still functional, it was decided to demolish it due to age. This is about NASA’s proudest International Space Station (ISS). Having orbited the Earth for 21 years, ISS 2031 will be martyred. The space station is scheduled to be phased out, demolished in January 2031 and returned to Earth for burial in the infamous Pacific Observatory. The ISS’s legendary voyage will come to an end if the wreckage of the spacecraft can be accurately landed at a place called ‘Point Nemo’ in the Pacific Ocean.
∙ Growth, start and so on
After much discussion and debate, the idea of an international space station, led by the US space agency NASA, came into orbit. Although the Tigers had their own space stations in the US, Russia, China, and Japan, the new idea was to have a complete space station that would integrate and codify all the technological advances to date. The advent of the ISS marked the end of a decades – long dispute between the nations of the world over space exploration, and the beginning of the transfer of science and technology in the Iowa region.
The new project was launched in 1998 by the five space technology hubs – the US, Russia, the European Space Agency, Canada and Japan. Modules and other components for the ISS were manufactured in different countries and assembled in space. The ISS was the largest and most functional space station ever built. The ISS also has the distinction of being the largest man-made structure in space, covering almost the size of a football field. Length 73 m and width 109 m. Mass 4,44,615 kg. The ISS was launched on November 20, 1998.
Orbiting the Earth 16 times a day, the ISS, 400 km from Earth’s surface, is proud to be a man – made object that can be seen with the naked eye. The ISS travels at a speed of 7.66 kilometers per second. As of December 2021, 251 astronauts from 19 countries have arrived at the station as guests. Some of them had visited more than once.
In addition to studying microgravity and collecting space weather data, NASA has used the ISS for more than two decades for weather forecasting and natural disaster forecasting. But the ISS’s historic mission was to lay a solid foundation for further research in space, especially for missions to the moon and Mars.
∙ Crash, start like this …
It is only with age that the ISS, which orbits the earth accurately in orbit, has failed. The basic parts of the plant began to slow down. As it orbited the earth facing the sun, one side of the plant was exposed to extreme heat and radiation. Extreme cold on the other side facing the earth. When the rotation is half over, the hot and cold parts change. The scientists found that the components of the plant underwent a permanent change as the cold and heat continued for years. The solar panels that powered the plant were also damaged. Scientists believe that continuous docking and un-docking have altered the structure of the plant itself.
In addition to this, the presence of man-made and non-manned space objects around the ISS increased and these often collided with the station, causing the crash to some extent. In 2016, the wreckage of a Russian missile destroying an unusable satellite affected the rotation of the ISS. The crash was caused by thousands of pieces of the satellite flying around the ISS at speeds of more than 5 kilometers per second. NASA’s verdict on the ISS was made with the assurance that it would be completely useless.
എങ്ങനെ How to break …
NASA is busy preparing a detailed plan to completely demolish (orbit) IACS by 2031. They remember the history of the US space agency Sky Lab, which lost control and crashed in 1979 when it lost fuel. Although no casualties were reported at the time, Sky Lab’s fears were high. NASA’s mission is to safely destroy Skylab’s ISS, which is many times larger. D – In the first phase of the orbit, the newly constructed parts of the plant will be removed from the base component. These will remain in orbit in space for use by newly built stations. The process itself can take months. The current plan is to attach the base component of the ISS to the spacecraft and then land it on the ground. By the time it enters the Earth’s atmosphere from space, the basic component of the ISS is likely to catch fire due to friction with the air. However, scientists hope that the non – flammable parts will be able to reach Point Nemo in the Pacific Ocean.
English Summary: NASA will retire from the International Space Station in 2031
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