Vijo Usmani, a politician and lawyer, on Sunday Nominated President of Kosovo, a small country in the Balkans Free since 2008 But it is still not accepted by most of the international community. Usmani has been interim president since last November. The Kosovar Parliament confirmed his role. Of the 82 MPs in the chamber, 71 voted in his favor, out of a total of 120.
The last parliamentary election was held in February Twenty The alliance formed by Vetevandosje’s center-left party and the Osmani-led liberal Gucci, which has announced a new prime minister, Albin Kurti.
Although Osmani is 38 years old, his age is not considered a problem in one of the youngest countries in Europe, where 53 percent of the population is under 25 and the average age in the capital, Pristina, is 28. As she represents a new generation of Kosovars, her appointment has been talked about in the international press, “more comfortable with Western life, nepotism and the incompetence of traditional parties”. He wrote Reuters.
The role of the president in Kosovo is primarily ceremonial, but Osmani is expected to play a key role in foreign policy. In a recent speech, Usmani said that one of his priorities would be to try to normalize relations with Serbia. Seri Much Long Conflicts and conflicts as he never accepted the independence declared by the Kosovar authorities.
Usmani is the second woman to be elected president after Kosovo Atifet Jahjaga, In office from 2011 to 2016. Usmani His political career began As a co-operative militant, he became an activist for a center-right party of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). In parallel to his political career, he studied law at Pristina University, the capital of the country, and graduated from the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
In 2019, she was elected president of parliament with the LDF, but last September she found her own party and joined Vetvendosje. In November, he took over as interim president President Hashim Tasi He was charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the Kosovo Liberation Army during the war of independence against Serbia between 1998 and 1999.
Usmani is a popular figure in Kosovo for his charisma and recent visibility. She and Kurt have benefited from a generational component: allegations of partisanship and corruption against the old ruling class have increased in recent times, with both leaders presenting themselves as the “new generation” of politicians who repeat the need to fight corruption. Bring Kosovo closer to Western models and values.
– AFP News Agency (FPAFP) April 5, 2021
Kosovo is located between Serbia, Montenegro, Albania and Macedonia, slightly larger than Abruzzo. The six stars on its flag represent the six ethnic groups that inhabit it: Albanians (they make up more than 90 percent of the population), Serbs, Turks, Gorans, Roma, and Bosnian Muslims.
It often has a nickname The youngest country in Europe Serbia gained independence on February 17, 2008, the average age of its inhabitants after the last conflict in the former Yugoslav countries and after ten years of rule by a United Nations international protection center. It is now one of the poorest countries on the continent: the unemployment rate is around 30 percent, and it is estimated that more than 190,000 Kosovars have left the country in search of work in EU countries since independence. .
At the same time, deep ethnic divisions still exist in the country, and in the opinion of many Serbian Kosovars the crimes of the 1999 war and previous years of genocide have not been acknowledged and punished. At the international level.
– Also read: Ten years after independence, in 2018, what was Kosovo?
International Court of Justice in 2010 – the main judicial body of the United Nations – Legitimacy declared To date, it has not been recognized by Kosovo, Serbia, or its allies, Russia and China. In addition, even 5 of the 28 member states of the European Union – Spain, Slovakia, Romania, Greece and Cyprus – do not recognize it, which effectively prevents Kosovo from joining the European Union and the United Nations.
At the same time, Serbia is not part of the European Union, because one of the basic requirements for entry into it is the “normalization” of relations with Kosovo. In his inaugural address, he presented his preferences for the mandate of Usmani Explained “Peace can only be achieved when there is repentance, forgiveness from Serbia and justice for those who have suffered as a result of war crimes.”