Joe Biden takes the first step towards Supreme Court reform

Joe Biden a entrouvert vendredi la porte vers une possible réforme de la Cour suprême.

In keeping with the campaign promise, the US President signed an executive order setting up a commission of experts to examine the most sensitive aspects of the Supreme Court’s reform.

Joe Biden The door to possible reform opened on Friday Supreme Court, A powerful institution that solves the biggest questions in society in the United States, but whose work is subject to constant criticism.

Following the appointment of US President Donald Trump in keeping with the campaign promise, he signed an executive order setting up a commission of experts to reform the temple of conservative American law. Its work soon led to fierce criticism among Republicans. “President Biden wants to overthrow the Supreme Court”, Tweeted Republican members of the Judiciary Committee.

The initiative is part of the government’s commitment to study carefully the steps to improve federal justice., Said White Hus. Including Democratic and Republican experts, the Commission will examine the most sensitive aspects of a possible reform of the Supreme Court: the term of office of its members, their number, the manner in which the institution selects cases, the rules and its procedures. She will have six months to make her recommendations.

The Supreme Court has nine lifetime magistrates who decide on a number of social issues, including access to abortion or the rights of sexual minorities. They are appointed by the President of the United States, which must be confirmed by the Senate. The court currently has six conservative judges, three of whom were appointed by former Republican President Donald Trump.

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During the presidential election campaign, Democratic primary candidates, including current Transport Secretary Pete Buttigig, raised the possibility of increasing the number of judges sitting on the court, which is exploiting Republicans. The commission, set up by Joe Biden, will be chaired by Bob Barr and two prominent law professors, Christina Rodriguez. Bo Bir had advised Joe Biden during the campaign.

“Briar, resign”

As each of the three nominations was controversial for different reasons, calls from the progressive camp to reform the esteemed institution became stronger under Donald Trump. In retaliation for the Democrats, he replaced the progressive, feminist icon Ruth Bader GinsburgConservative Magistrate Amy Connie Barrett, 49, died two months before the 2020 presidential election. Given the age of the new Conservative recruitment, his arrival has anchored the court on the right for decades.

Before them, Republican billionaire Anthony Kennedy, 56, was replaced by conservative Brett Cavanaugh. The 2018 hearing of a magistrate who filed a case of sexual harassment before the Senate confirmed it has divided the country.

As soon as he arrived at the White House, Donald Trump appointed a third judge: Neil Gorsuch, 53, who replaced the conservative Antonin Scalia, who died a year ago. At the time of Antonin Scalia’s death, Democrats were outraged by then – Republican leader Mitch McConnell’s refusal to listen to the candidate nominated by President Barack Obama. This frustrated candidate, Merrick Garland, is now Minister of Justice.

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A group campaigning for Supreme Court reform is now pushing for the resignation of Stephen Brier, 82, the oldest progressive judge, fearing that Ruth Bader will repeat the story of Jeans Zഗberg if Joe Biden is replaced as a Republican after the 2024 presidential election. “Brier, give up. It’s time for a black woman to sit in the Supreme Court. “ You can read about driving a truck around the courtroom in Washington on Friday. On Tuesday, “Justice Brier” warned against increasing the number of judges sitting on the Supreme Court, saying reforms that he considered political would weaken the confidence of Americans in the institution.

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