For the first time since the Great Famine on the Emerald Islands in the nineteenth century, the population of Ireland has exceeded 5 million. The announcement was made by the National Institute of Statistics (Cso), which crossed the milestone last April. To get a comparable number, we need to go back to the 1851 census, which had a population of 5.11 million. The calculation was based on the current population of the Republic of Ireland. On the other hand, along with Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom), if we consider the island as a whole, in 1851 there were 6.6 million people, today they are 6.9 million. Growth in recent years has been made possible by two factors: a positive demographic balance and the contribution of immigration.
Known in English as the ‘Great Famine’ (1845-1852), the Great Famine was one of the most traumatic periods in Irish history. In 1840, the island’s population exceeded 8 million, and a factor including the population and a pathology capable of destroying the potato crop plunged the country (then an integral part of the United Kingdom), leaving one million Irish emigrants dead. The population of the Republic continued to decline for most of the twentieth century through immigration to Britain, the United States, and elsewhere, creating a large ‘exile’. (On the handle).
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