Ireland’s population exceeded 5 million for the first time since the Great Famine that hit the Emerald Isle in the 19th century. The National Statistics Institute (CSO) announced last April that this milestone had been reached. To get a number comparable to this, it is necessary to go back to the census conducted in 1851, when the population reached 5.11 million. The calculation was based on the current population of the Republic of Ireland. The island as a whole, along with Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom), had a population of 6.6 million in 1851, and today stands at 6.9 million. The growth in recent years has been made possible by two factors: a positive demographic balance and the contribution of immigration.
The Great Famine, known in English as the ‘Great Famine’ (1845-1852), was one of the most devastating periods in Irish history. In 1840, the island’s population exceeded 8 million, and a series of factors, including overpopulation and the potential cure for the destruction of potato crops, plunged the country (then an integral part of the United Kingdom) into crisis. Millions of people and millions of Irish immigrants. For most of the 20th century, the population of the Republic was declining due to immigration to Britain, the United States and elsewhere. (On the handle).
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