Despite the short life of the Foundation, it has made its mark in many Indonesian rural areas, raising awareness of the need to examine available water resources before embarking on any project.
An institute for basic and secondary education in the Indonesian province of West Java’s Che Angor has been built to accommodate about 1,200 students. As a result, only about 70 students remained at the institute due to water shortages.
Relief for scientific reasons
Such a story often happens because even the owners of educational and real estate projects or the villagers are surprised that attempts to dig underground or surface wells have failed.
The administration of the institute contacted a group of volunteer geologists, geophysicists and technicians from various specialties. The Indonesian Water Relief Foundation was established as the first charitable organization with special expertise in the field of water assistance, based on its scientific methods and available hydrology and geography.
The purpose of the communication was to find out if there is a collection that can be extracted, how deep it is, how much water can be pumped daily, and the quality and clarity of the water. Some residents may dig wells in the plateau, but the water pumped out of them is red and unusable because of the rock. And metal.
In the case of that institution in the province of Chi Angkor, experts confirmed after conducting a geo-electric survey that geological and hydrological maps and surveys confirmed that a well in the area could not be dug and that there was no solution but to pump water into the water tanks for the people around the institute, so that even rainwater would be sufficient only for a few residents.
Geographical nature and its changes
As Herman Susilo, a geologist and one of the volunteers of the Water Relief Foundation, confirmed to Al-Jazeera.net after conducting a geo-electrical survey, the area “water usually flows from the top of the mountains, but we have to study nature,” because a well could not be drilled for hours. Whether the rock is volcanic or old from the native mud, the mountain here has witnessed a great transformation at its foot.
Although Indonesia is a tropical country with heavy rainfall over the months, its archipelago and volcanic eruptions make it difficult to dig wells in some areas due to fractures of tectonic plates, making it one of two adjacent areas, and the other where attempts to dig wells in abundant water fail.
In addition to the intrusion of salt water into coastal areas, the nature of the rocks in some areas and whether they store water. In mountainous areas, digging wells becomes more difficult and may be impossible, so relying on rationalizing the use of rainwater and springs that require double effort and care for the surrounding environment may result in a fault in the water system. The solution is to collect and filter rainwater.
Susilo added that the experience of the Foundation’s working team 6 years ago and before it became an officially registered institution shows that water issues vary from one area to another. The shores and springs of water may be on the surface of the earth.
History of Water Supply
It is noteworthy that the idea of providing water assistance to this organization was started in 2015 by digging a well at the expense of a company from the Jogjakarta area of South Jakarta. This stage was the beginning of the establishment of an organization that wanted to create awareness on rationalizing the use of water resources and providing them exclusively to rural communities.
The Indonesian Foundation for Water Relief was established after a few years of experimentation and volunteering, with increasing population, climate change and deforestation – most springs and freshwater and high rivers.
Despite the Foundation’s short life span, it has had an impact on many Indonesian rural areas, raising awareness of the need to examine available water resources before embarking on commercial, housing, and educational projects in an area that is intended to be urbanized.
The administration of the institute says it is important to turn to humane activities, both locally and internationally, for scientifically sound water resource management projects, ensuring water supply to people in areas where water resources are in short supply. Months of monsoon every year.
Convenient technical solutions
The Foundation’s team is working to find the most important solutions according to the geographical, geographical and climatic conditions of each case, expanding their role in managing water storage and distributing it to the people in the surrounding areas, and there may be an opportunity to generate electricity from storing and pumping fresh water from the highlands.
The Foundation also provides training programs to those concerned with water problems in any of the villages associated with the Foundation on how to rationalize consumption by providing mathematical calculations for water sources coming from wells or springs. Storage, consumption by every individual in the village, institution or university, appears to be the only solution to the water problem by digging only underground or surface wells. This is partly easy.
In some cases, the solution is to build a dam with a large catchment area or a water pipeline project far away from nearby rivers, which may require the cooperation of the agency with government agencies or provide scientific recommendations on these solutions to those concerned. Government agencies will implement the recommended plan to solve the water problem in that village or area.
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