In Occitania, the challenges of a vast area with a population of 6 million

In Occitania, the challenges of a vast area with a population of 6 million

An area as large as Ireland and as populous as Denmark was also affected by the crisis, but it was not a lack of assets. Sectional portrait and details review.

What are the major issues and major challenges facing the majority elected on June 27?

Responsibility for an area of ​​6 million inhabitants (equivalent to the population of Denmark) What are the priorities that must be met with a responsible society in accordance with the powers vested in it by the state? 72,724 km2 area? It attracts more than 50,000 inhabitants each year, especially along the coast (although poverty-marked but attractive), highly urbanized areas.

In other words, a real small country equal to the surface Ireland and larger than the other twelve countries in the European Union (for example, twice as large as Belgium).

That is to say, an area, whatever it may be, must first and foremost, of course, fulfill its obligations (see previous page).

Is facing a triple crisis

Everyone remains obligated this year in 2021 to be active in responding to the context of the triple crisis (health, economic, social) that arose in 2020, even four times as much considering the environmental question and the environment. Its urgency is relevant, but it has not been revealed by Pandemic). Crisis to face, prepare for recovery with exit. Other communities (municipalities, a major company in the role of the state as a whole provisions), provides support for the state’s interference in decisions.

Finally, in areas that do not fall within the scope of the local authority’s mandatory capabilities, it can take action on its own initiative through dedicated funding (in the case of security, around high schools, for example).

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But these activities are deployed, which is clearly not neutral, as the existing one in the configuration of the new Occitan region, the first of which was born out of the merger of the former Languedoc-Rusilon and Midi-Pyrenees regions, under the 2015 regional reform.

“We are talking about two regions that ruled for many terms with the same majority as part of a common global historical entity, marked by pockets of prosperity and a very large rural world with average or weak development, so that there was always a relatively easy merger between two equal entities, but in the middle of each one, at least in the middle. Not easy “, Says Emmanuel Negrior, political scientist and director of research at the Center for Political and Social Studies in Montpellier.

Aeronautics, major financial driver

But this new area now exists with its strengths and weaknesses. The vast expanse of land between the Mediterranean coast, the high Pyrenean mountains and some of France’s most famous hinterlands (especially Loser and Avoron, in particular) gives it the advantage of distinctive geographical diversity.

A trend seen during the incarceration period is that sales of second homes have soared since the onset of the health crisis.

Logically, tourism serves as the economic hub of the region (sixteen billion euros in annual economic gains, 10.3% of GDP), depending on area, manufacturing, and viticulture, as well as agrifood, university, and research in general.

The main area, which continues to be the aeronautics sector, employs more than one lakh people, employing 800 companies. One area affected by the crisis was the sudden collapse of orders from its main contractor, Airbus, which affected suppliers and subcontractors set up in the area. According to various studies, more than 4,000 jobs in the sector are threatened in the long run, with 598,250 job seekers in the sector by March 2021, well below the 600,000 unemployment mark for the first time since September 2020. Because by March 2020, Pandemic had abruptly put an end to a positive dynamic.

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For example, the question remains as to the means, receipts and endowments for receiving Occitania benefits compared to large areas in Germany or Spain.

In France, we recently remembered the columns The worldAreas each year to spend only 35 billion, ie 1.5% of the national wealth. Two times less than the departments.

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