- Daniela Fernandez
- From Paris to BBC News Brazil
After the first round of the French presidential election this Sunday (10/4) – the far right qualified President Emmanuel Macron and the Marine Le Pen – they defeated candidates from various sections of the political spectrum, from communism to the traditional right. Ruled the country and appealed to their voters to vote for Macron.
The goal is to prevent Le Pen’s party from coming to power. This is what is called the “Republican Front” in France, a kind of national alliance against the far right.
Macron topped the first round with about 28% of the vote, and, according to predictions, performed better than expected in the recent election, with the incumbent president gradually falling.
Le Pen would get 23% of the vote.
According to forecasts, this Sunday’s election marked a strong turnout of 25% to 26%. However, they both recorded better results than in the first round of the 2017 presidential election, winning 24% and 21.3% of the vote, respectively.
Ten other candidates ran in the election – which did not exclude Macron from criticism during his campaign.
After the exit polls and the second round of confirmation came out, it was Socialist Ann Hidalgo, the current mayor of Paris, who took a stand in favor of the current president and urged her voters to vote “against the far right.”
Ecologist Yannick Jadot made a similar statement. Communist Fabian Roussell said, “Le Pen will never be allowed to take power,” and launched a call to “defeat her in the second round with the only ballot available to all French.”
During his campaign, Valerie Pecres, the candidate of the right-wing Les Republicans (former presidents Jacques Chirac and Nicolas Sarkozy), sharply criticized the incumbent president and announced that he would vote for Macron.
“Although I have deep differences with Macron throughout my campaign, I will conscientiously vote for him to prevent Marine Le Pen from coming to power,” she said, adding that Le Pen’s final victory would lead France. Disagreement. “Against a background in the European and international arena”.
Pekres also cited Le Pen’s “historic ties” with Russian leader Vladimir Putin, saying it would prevent him from defending France’s interests.
Jean-Luc Mലlenchon of France, the third-placed candidate of the radical left, who won 20% of the vote, did not directly urge his constituents to vote for Macron, but at the same time, he said. They “do not give a single vote to the pen in Marine”.
Philippe Poutou of the New Anti-Capitalist Party also established himself as a melancholy, emphasizing “no vote” for Le Pen.
In his speech after the release of the first – round prophecies in a gathering of hundreds of followers, Macron justified the idea of a “different (political”) “great movement of unity and action”. ) Sensibilities “.
Until recently, surveys indicated that Macron would win by a better margin than his far-right rival. But by mid-March, his popularity had begun to wane, with predictions pointing to Macron’s slim advantage over Le Pen in the second round with just three or four percentage points, some unheard of by an extreme right – wing party. In a presidential election in France.
In 2017, Macron defeated Le Pen by 32 points.
A poll released by the Ephos Institute on Sunday night after announcing the results of the first round reinforces the notion that the controversy continues to intensify: Macron will win 51% of the second round, scheduled for April 24. Votes, just two percentage points above the Le Pen, by the margin of error.
“Even if Macron remains a favorite, he’s never been a member of the former National Front (Le Pen’s party, which changed its name to Rassemble National) – whether it was Marine Le Penno in 2017 or his father, Jean-Marie Le Penno in 2002. He reached the second round of voting and abstained from record voting. ) – Benefited from such a favorable configuration in the second round “, wrote the newspaper Le Monde.
Marine Le Pen was able to improve his result in the first round, despite competition from extremist Eric Semour, known for his controversial statements convicted in court of inciting racial and religious hatred.
According to forecasts, Seymour won 7% of the vote, announcing his support for Le Pen in the second round.
The eFop poll, released on Sunday, indicates that 44% of Mellonchon voters will be able to abstain from voting in the second round. A third of the electorate will choose Macron and 23% will elect Le Pen.
Le Pen’s economic program has many similarities with the far-left Melenchon. In this campaign, the Rassemble National candidate focused on immigration, Islam, security, his party’s historic plans, which are fundamental, and on economic issues, especially those related to purchasing power. The interest of the French today.
The radical right had an unprecedented performance in this first round. The far right won about a third of the vote, with Reconquista’s extremist Eric Seymour in Penn winning 7% and Nicolas Dupont-Aignon in less than 2%.
In recent decades, two traditional parties, the right-wing (Republicans) and the left (Socialist, PS), which have ruled France, have performed poorly, never seen before, and are in danger of disappearing from French politics.
After all, PS: candidate Anne Hidalgo received only 1.7% of the vote. In 2017, the PS had only 6.3% of the vote.
Had it not been for the many left-wing candidates, Melenchon, who started appealing for “useful voting” in the region, would probably have qualified for the second round.
Valerie Pekresse from the Republic of Australia received less than 5% of the vote, about 4.7%. In 2017, the right-wing Republican candidate was third in the first round with 20% of the vote.
“The massive defeat of the Socialist Party and the Republicans is leading them to marginalization. A new political landscape is emerging. France has a new distribution of political forces,” said Bryce Tenturier, director general of the Iphos Institute, a political analyst. .
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