The World Bank has issued a worrying warning about the effects of climate change on human life over the next few years: 216 million people in six regions of the worldIncluding Latin AmericaThey may be forced to leave their countries by 2050 to escape adverse weather conditions.
According to a report released by the World Bank on Monday (13) on “Groundswell”, people will be forced to move out of their main areas:
- Water scarcity
- Decreased overall productivity in the region
- Very high temperature (Heat pressure)
- Sea levels are rising, which could lead to land loss
- Severe weather events such as storms
Floods, snow, extreme heat: How climate change is affecting the planet
Should be the most affected area Sub-Saharan AfricaOver the next three decades, about 40% of climate change will focus on migrants (86 million). Appears next East Asia and the Pacific, 22.6% (49 million) of such future immigrants.
Latin America is also classified as an alert area from which they should go 17 million climate immigrants By 2050, more than 7% of the total amount for this period. It is another population that is experiencing climate change South Asia, Central Asia, North Africa and Eastern Europe.
Climate change migration in the world according to the World Bank – Photo: Arte / G1
Jഗrgen Vogele, the World Bank’s Vice President for Sustainable Development, points out that those most affected by climate change will already remain the world’s poorest and will “contribute at least some of its causes”.
However, he recalls that the effects of global warming are being felt by all.
“The effects of climate change are becoming more and more visible. We have experienced the hottest decade on record, we are witnessing extreme weather events around the world, and global climate change is occurring in all regions,” Vogele said.
When Hurricane Hannah hits Corpus Christi, Texas on Saturday (25), two people see the sea turbulent – Photo: AP Photo / Eric Gay
In August, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reported (IPCC, Abbreviated in English), stated Man’s irreversible and irreversible climate change has caused the planet’s temperature to rise by 1.07º., Affects all sub-regions of the world. One of the warnings is that human influence has increased the likelihood of extreme events since the 1950s, including the frequency of heat waves, global droughts, fires, and floods.
A previous World Bank report on climate refugees published in 2018 highlighted Latin America as a hotspot for environmental refugees.
“Three years ago, the first Groundswell report predicted that by 2050, climate change would cause 143 million people to migrate to their home countries in three regions of the world (South Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa),” he recalled. Vogele.
Residents of Puerto Cabes, Nicaragua, destroyed by Hurricane Iota on October 17, 2020, remove debris from their homes – Photo: Oswaldo Rivas / Reuters
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has also identified Latin America as an area of concern for climate change in the coming decades. Forecasts for South America include:
- Growth in Drought period in northeastern Brazil;
- Rainfall decreases in the northeastern part of South America (northeastern Brazil) and the southwestern part of the region (Chile, southern Peru).
- Drought, drought, and / or growth of fires in southern Brazilian Amazonia and the Midwest.
- The maximum number of days in the Amazon above 35 degrees Celsius will increase to at least 60 days per year by the end of the century (in more extreme cases it may go beyond 150 days);
- Change in monsoon regime in southern Brazilian Amazonia and the Midwest;
Impact of change in South America: IPCC projections – Photo: Editoria D’Arte / G1
Despite the warnings, the document concludes that countries around the world are contributing to climate change to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, support sustainable development and restore their habitats. Can be reduced by up to 80%. That is, by 2050, climate migration could be reduced to 44 million people.
In 2018, the World Bank made an announcement $ 200 billion (approximately $ 773 billion at the time) investment to “support countries to adopt amazing climate change”Early warning systems for weather events and meteorological services to better prepare 250 million people in 30 developing countries, as well as investments in the smart agriculture sector in 20 countries. Money must be invested between 2021 and 2025.
The other half of the World Bank’s investment announced in 2018 is “building better adapted homes, schools and infrastructure, investing in smart farming, sustainable water management and social security nets”.
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