Despite all the promises of drastic action, UN experts say the world is moving to dangerously high temperatures.
The experts of the International Organization studied the climate plans of 100 countries and concluded that the world is moving in the wrong direction.
Scientists have recently confirmed that carbon emissions should be reduced by 45 percent by 2030 to avoid the worst effects of hot weather.
Conversely, analyzes suggest that emissions will rise by 16 per cent over the indicated period, leading to a 2.7 degree Celsius rise in temperature above pre-industrial levels, well above the levels set by the international community.
According to Patricia Espinosa, the United Nations’ chief negotiator on climate change, rising gas emissions, on average, are a cause for concern.
She said this was in stark contrast to scientists’ calls for significant and sustainable emissions reduction to avoid extreme climate repercussions and the suffering they cause to the world’s most vulnerable people.
These data are alarming warning of the extent of the challenges facing the COP26 climate conference in Glasgow in about six weeks.
The conference aims to maintain the hope that global warming can be curtailed by urging countries to reduce gas emissions.
The Paris Climate Agreement stipulates that countries must update their plans to reduce carbon emissions every five years, but the United Nations says only 113 of the 191 signatories to the agreement have improved.
Alok Sharma, the British minister who chairs COP26, said countries with desirable climate plans have already reduced emissions, but without the practical measures of all countries, especially the major economies, there is a risk that the said gains will be in vain.
A study by the Climate Action Follow-up Group found that only a handful of G20 countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom, could pursue their goals of reducing emissions.
In another analysis, the World Resources Institute and the Institute for Climate Analysis have not yet indicated how China, India, Saudi Arabia and Turkey are responsible for 33 percent of greenhouse gases.
They say there are plans similar to the ones adopted by Indonesia and Australia in 2015, while the Paris Agreement calls for deeper pollution cuts.
The study found that Brazil, Mexico and Russia expect their gas emissions to increase.
The poorest and most vulnerable countries have a priority to reduce the emissions of the gases that cause global warming, to the effects of climate change.
Suna B. Wangdi, Group President of the Lowest Developed Countries, said the G20 should be at the forefront of rapidly reducing greenhouse gas emissions to reduce the rate of climate change.
He added that those countries have the gies energy and will take on more responsibilities and treat the crisis as a real crisis.
China is expected to adjust its climate plans ahead of the Glasgow conference.
They said maximum emissions would be possible by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060.
Any announcement of ambition plans will stimulate discussions, but there is no indication that this will happen and when, when.
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