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The Paris Agreement stipulated that global warming should be 2 degrees Celsius lower than it was 150 years before industrialization began. But now the target has become 1.5 degrees Celsius. The announcements made by Western and island nations at the Glasgow Summit illustrate this change of direction. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called for a 1.5-degree Celsius target. This was repeated by David Attenborough, the most respected ecologist in the UK.

Countries, including India, are under intense pressure from Western developed countries and endangered island nations to take drastic measures to curb climate change. India’s position is that the goal of the Paris Agreement must be achieved first. India argues that it should not be reformed.

The recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report was a warning message. The report warns that global temperatures could rise by 2.7 degrees Celsius if the terms of the Paris Agreement are implemented. Therefore, the target of 1.5 degrees is inevitable, the report said.


Environmentalists wearing masks protest world leaders, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, near the Glasgow conference venue. The protest called for more effective measures beyond the current measures.

Climate Disaster Survival Plans

Commitment to the Net Zero goal is crucial if we are to satisfy our Western partners in development. UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has raised this as a major issue. Although no one in the UK sees him as a meteorologist, he has been enthusiastically advocating for Net Zero lately. India and the UK are cooperating well on infrastructure development projects to cope with the effects of global warming. The two countries are part of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI).

The Small Island Developing States (SIDS), a group of small nations that threaten their survival, launched a construction project on November 2 to combat seasickness, earthquakes and hurricanes. It is funded and technologically funded by the UK. Although India’s target is 2 decades behind the announced time limit of Net Zero, the UK has welcomed it.


Fire
Smoke rises in 2019 when the Amazon jungle catches fire in Atilamira, Brazil. Photo by Joao Laet / AFP

Complete forest cover within 10 years

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Although the main theme of the summit speeches was energy, in the first 2 days there was a clear decision on the traditional issue related to the environment. Hundreds of countries have joined the declaration that deforestation will be completely stopped by 2030. Not only tree planting but also paperless transactions are part of this scheme. Indonesia, Russia and other African countries will take part in the mission. This is a $ 2000 billion project in the public-private sector.


Forest

Who will invest the money?

Another dilemma is who will invest in global climate change mitigation plans. In 2009, many countries raised the question of where the $ 1 billion promised by developed countries in Copenhagen would be. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has said that many climate change plans will not be implemented unless the money promised by developed countries is made available in a timely manner. Abdullah Shaheed, President of the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly and Foreign Minister of the Maldives, raised the same issue. The Maldives is one of the worst-hit countries in the world.

Modi demanded that rich countries come forward to pay. He emphasized the need to focus on climate change, and said that it was even more important now with the crisis. But the flames of breach of promise were not on the faces of Western leaders. When US President Joe Biden said he would increase funding, French President Emmanuel Macro made it clear that the second goal of the summit was to provide funding. The first target for France is 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also announced that it would increase aid to $ 7 billion a year. Britain’s Prince Charles has called for more private capital in the climate sector.

US President Joe Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Prime Minister Narendra Modi held separate talks on global green energy missions. But it remains to be seen to what extent these decisions and plans will become a reality once the leaders return home with the excitement and excitement of the summit.

Net Zero

India has announced that by 2070, it will achieve the goal of ‘Net Zero’, which will equalize the emission of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, which causes global warming. This is the position that India has taken before. Indian Railways has turned to renewable energy. Modi said Indian Railways is a giant institution used by more people than the entire population of the world every year.


India ...

By 2030, if the railways alone switch to renewable energy, 60 million tonnes of carbon emissions will be eliminated. Modi also announced that within a decade, half of India’s energy use will be renewable energy. India’s solar energy project is moving towards this goal. Many developed countries around the world are calling for the goal of ‘Net Zero’ to be achieved by 2050.

67 countries and the European Union have ratified Net Zero. The amount of greenhouse gases emitted by all these is 72.5% of the total volume.

Net Zero Goal Adopters
പ്രകാരം By law –13
പ Politically – 34
Pledge way –21

Net Zero Targeting Year
2050 – 47 countries
2045 – 2 countries
2030 – 3 countries


River-pollution
Bolivia’s Togarthe River (filet) with mounds of plastic waste.

Plastic flowing rivers

Plastic is an issue that the Glasgow Summit is already focusing on. According to a UNEP report released before the summit, 1.1 crore metric tonnes of plastic will be dumped into the ocean every year. The report also warns that by 2040, 2.3–3.7 million metric tons of plastic will reach the ocean. Oceans play a major role in recovering atmospheric carbon. Increasing levels of plastics will adversely affect the climate. About 90 percent of the plastics that flow into the ocean flow through the world’s 10 rivers. Six of these are in China.


River

Melting answer …

The Arctic Ocean in the North Pole covers an area of ​​4.72 million square kilometers and contains at least 15 percent ice. There has been a huge increase in the amount of melting snow here during the summer for a few years. Organizations, including the World Wide Fund for Nature, have called on leaders attending the meeting to take the issue seriously.


Iceberg

English Summary: Net-Zero is important in the fight against climate change

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