Indian scientist: Dr. Meghnad Saha was a famous Indian physicist. They are famous for creating Saha equations. This equation is related to describing the physical and chemical conditions of stars. Calendar of the Government of India today. Saha also played a pivotal role in shaping the Indian National Calendar. The National Calendar is a calendar proposed by a committee chaired by Saha and officially approved by the Central Government on March 22, 1957. It is based on astronomy and is based on the seasons, geographical conditions and many other factors. With this news, Dr. Let us learn more about Meghnad Saha.
Meghnath Saha was born on October 6, 1893 in the village of Sharotoli near Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. Meghnad Saha’s father’s name is Jagannath Saha. Mother’s name is Bhuvaneshwari Devi. His father Jagannath Saha was a small shop owner. Due to bad conditions, it was difficult for Jagannath to support his family. That’s why Meghnad wanted to help with the shop work after his primary education. But Meghnad wanted further education.
Even the teachers were shocked to hear their questions
Meghnad Saha was very talented from a young age. He was more interested in science. The questions they asked in class surprised the teacher as well. He once asked about a circle around the sun. His teacher could not answer. Meghnath had then told the teachers that they could search and find out. With this, the teachers realized that Meghnad was very smart. However, the teachers wondered if the family would allow Meghnad to continue his education. He felt that Meghnad’s education should not be interrupted. After this, he himself decided to visit Meghnad’s parents and have a discussion with them. The teacher discussed the matter with Meghnad’s brother.
Meghnad’s brother went to his father and told him that Meghnad was a good student. His teachers say the same thing. Teachers want him to continue his education. Meghnath’s father said that he was very smart. But he had to go to another village for education. He has no money for that. Meghnath’s brother told his father that he could talk to Dr. Anant to help. The father agreed. Dr. Anant Kumar was a competent and efficient doctor. He was also a good man. Dr. Anant Das helped Meghnad Saha for further education. Meghnath joined an English medium school in another village. Later he stayed at the house of Dr. Anant Kumar. Due to his hard work, Meghnad Saha achieved the highest marks of eighth not only in his school but also in Dhaka district itself. After that, Meghnad Saha started getting scholarships. At the same time he got admission in Government High School in Dhaka.
Participated in the freedom struggle
At the same time, the flames of the freedom struggle were burning all over the country. Meghnathan was impressed by this. The Governor of Bengal was about to visit his school. Meghnath Saha along with his colleagues took part in the agitation on the occasion of the Governor’s arrival. As a result, Meghnad’s scholarship was canceled. Meghnad was expelled from school along with his accomplices. However, Kishorilal, a private school, got admission in Jubilee School. Saha later passed the Intermediate examination in the first class. Later, at the University of Calcutta, Saha finished second in the entire university. Saha began his journey of progress and development by overcoming difficult circumstances.
Scientist Jagadish Chandra Basu has benefited as a teacher
After Intermediate, Meghnad Saha went to Presidency College for higher studies. His teachers were great scientists like Jagadish Chandra Basu and Prafulla Chandra Rai. Satyendra Nath Basu was his classmate. Once Dr. Basu said to him, “Meghnad, you have a special interest in mathematics. This is a good thing, but there are other areas of science. You focus on physics. You come with us to the laboratory.” Meghnad’s mind was immersed in scientific discoveries while studying for his B.Sc.
The government did not get the job
After MSc, Meghnad Saha was elected to the Indian Finance Department, but Saha did not get a government job because of his support for revolutionaries like Subhash Chandra Bose during his school days and his opposition to the governor’s school visit. But Saha was not disappointed. We turned this into an opportunity and focused on new discoveries. He began to learn lessons to cover expenses. Meghnad Saha used to cycle to many places and learn lessons. Shortly afterwards, Meghnad Saha and his friend Satyendra Nath Basu were appointed as spokespersons at the University College of Science, Calcutta.
Found formulas that provide information related to the sun
During his studies, he saw Agnes Clerk’s famous book, Star Physics, which gave him a new sense of direction. Thermodynamics, relativity, and atomic theory were new subjects of physics at the time. Meghnath started teaching these subjects. While taking notes on these topics, Meghnad Saha was confronted with a question of astrophysics. He found the answer to this question and became world famous. The ionization formula is one of Meghnad Saha’s inventions. This formula can give physicists information about the internal temperature and pressure of the Sun and other planets. An eminent physicist called this discovery the 12th greatest discovery in physics.
Significant contributions to astronomy
In 1920, Saha moved to England, where he came in contact with a number of scientists. His scientific genius had the opportunity to shine even brighter. In 1921 he returned home. Meghnad Saha may have been the first scientist to become famous for his discoveries at such a young age and to be elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. There were many obstacles in their way. At that time, some scientists in our country disagreed with his statement and prevented him from being appointed as a physicist in the Department of Physics at Allahabad University. But Meghnad Saha did not shy away from this. In 1923 he became President of the Department of Physics at Prayag University. Apart from physics, Meghnad Saha was also interested in the history, biology and archeology of ancient India. He did research on radio waves and radio activity in the sun.
Einstein was also praised
Dr. The world-famous scientist Albert Einstein described Saha’s theory of high temperature elements as a special gift to the world. Saha also translated Einstein’s research works. As a result of his efforts, he now teaches nuclear physics at the University of Calcutta. Saha was in favor of the qualitative use of nuclear energy. In 1950 he founded the Institute of Nuclear Physics. Dr. of Calcutta University. Organized a Traveling Fellowship for Saha. During his foreign tour, Dr. Saha continued his studies and research.
He was also active in politics
In addition to being a scientist, Dr. Saha was also a favorite of the common people. He contested the first Lok Sabha elections in India in 1952. As an independent candidate from Calcutta, he won by a large majority. He had earlier worked with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on the National Planning Commission. On February 16, 1956, Saha was on his way to the Rashtrapati Bhavan to attend a meeting of the Planning Commission when he suddenly collapsed and died of a heart attack.
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