The extraordinary glow of gamma rays seems to be gigantic Black holes They are actually large wormholes, a new study finds.
Wemholes Space-time tunnels theoretically allow space and time to travel anywhere or to another universe. Of Einstein General theory of relativity Suggests that wormholes are possible, but whether they actually exist is another matter.
In many ways, wormholes resemble black holes. Both types of objects are very dense and have an unusually strong gravitational pull for their size. The main difference is that no object can theoretically cross the event horizon of a black hole – the distance required to escape from the black hole’s gravitational field exceeds the speed of light – while any body entering a wormhole can theoretically reverse its course.
Assuming that wormholes exist, the researchers looked for ways to distinguish a wormhole from a black hole. They focused not on galaxies, but on supermassive black holes with masses ranging from millions to billions of suns that are thought to reside in the hearts of all. For example, in the center of our Milky Way Sagittarius A *, A giant black hole with a mass of about 4.5 million solar masses.
Anything that enters one mouth of a wormhole will come out of its other mouth. Scientists have argued that the entry of a worm into one mouth of a wormhole could at the same time fall into matter entering the mouth of another wormhole, an event that never occurred with a black hole.
Anything that falls into the mouth of a supermassive wormhole can travel at extraordinarily high speeds due to its strong gravitational fields. Scientists have modeled the effects of fluid flowing through two mouths of a wormhole into the “throat” of the wormhole, where these mouths meet. As a result of such collisions the spheres of plasma almost expand at both mouths of the wormhole Speed of light, The researchers said.
Mikhail Piotrovich, an astronomer and study lead writer at the Central Astronomical Observatory in St. Petersburg, Russia, told space.com.
Researchers have compared the eruptions from such holeholes to those from a supermassive black hole. Active galaxy nucleus (AGN), which can emit more radiation than it does when swallowing matter around our entire galaxy, and does so from a location no larger than our solar system. AGNs are surrounded by rings of plasma known as accretion disks, which can emit strong radiation from their poles.
Plasma spheres from wormholes can reach temperatures of up to 18 trillion degrees Fahrenheit (10 trillion degrees Celsius). At that temperature, the plasma would produce gamma rays with a power of 68 million electron volts.
In contrast, “the accretion disks of eGNs do not emit gamma radiation because their temperature is too low,” Piotrovich said. Moreover, while jets from EGNs can emit gamma rays, they mostly travel in the same direction as jets – anyone traveling in a sphere could indicate that they are from a wormhole, he commented.
Furthermore, the premise suggests that if an EGN had lived in a type of galaxy known as Type I Sefert – a rapidly evolving hot gas – it would not have produced many gamma rays with a power of 68 million electron volts. If astronomers see an AGN in a Type I Seifert galaxy with a significant peak of such rays, it means that the AGN is actually a wormhole, the researchers said.
Scientists in detail Their findings Online August 21 In a study adopted for the publication of the Royal Astronomical Society’s monthly notices in the journal.
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