Recently, a photo shocked the world of astronomy. The image of the black hole Sagittarius A shone everywhere. This will help you to understand the secrets of the Milky Way galaxy. So what is a black hole? What is the significance of this photo? This is a small attempt to shed light on all of this.
The Milky Way galaxy is filled with billions of different types of stars, dust particles, and star debris. All this is being studied through various media. Such a solar system is about one million light-years in diameter. The thickness of this solar system is in some places a thousand light years. In the center of the Milky Way galaxy there are many different stars and many dust particles. This part is much brighter. Why is this center important? Because of this center, everything in the Milky Way is built together, giving the Milky Way a unique look. Everything, including our sun, revolves around this center. Connecting all of these under the force of gravity, the journey of the Milky Way begins from such an infinite place. So a picture of a strong black hole in the center was recently published.
What is a black hole?
The black hole is the last state of the star. When a star dies, it explodes or dies, and some stars transform into white dwarfs. Very few stars turn strong gravitational pull into black holes. What exactly are stars? Therefore, due to the massive gravitational pull of the star, the mass of the star contained in a small region is transformed into a black hole. For example, if the mass of the earth were contained in a sphere smaller than a football, how much pressure would there be on the surface of that sphere? The gravitational pull of this bullet will be so intense. This will prevent sunlight from escaping from the sphere, which will have a major impact on the surrounding objects. That is the general concept of the black hole. Thus a giant black hole is at the center of our solar system, which affects the center. The first photo of the black hole in the center of our galaxy has been released.
What exactly is a black hole?
This black hole in the center of the Milky Way galaxy is named Sagittarius because it is Sagittarius. In 1954, Sagittarius was observed to emit large amounts of radio waves from a particular region. Two American astronomers, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez, studied the black hole and found that it was not in Sagittarius but in the center of the Milky Way. Both were awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics for their research.
Sagittarius A – The black hole is 26,000 light years away from Earth. That is, our Earth is 26,000 times 9,500,000,000,000,000 km away from this black hole in the center of the Milky Way. The mass of this black hole is about 41 million Suns. According to the study conducted so far, the size of this black hole should be 23.5 million km. That is, one can imagine the vastness of space in a small space.
Photo of the black hole
Because light does not emanate from the black hole Sagittarius A, it cannot be seen with the naked eye or visible light. A few stars appear to be orbiting a dark region, indicating that there is a black hole in that region. Its existence is felt through radio wavelengths according to the electromagnetic spectrum. But because the Milky Way galaxy has large stars and dust clouds, photographing it was a challenge. To this end, the Event Horizon Telescope project was implemented in collaboration with some organizations around the world that observe infinite space through radio telescopes. After several months of simultaneous observation of the Milky Way galaxy by radio telescopes, the last visible image was created. It has to be said that this is a kind of observation of the brain on the lunar surface.
What is the significance of this photo?
A large impact black hole, which can affect the path of many stars, swallows the approaching stars, but is not visible. Is it round or plate-like? It is necessary to look at the black hole to understand exactly the process involved. That is why photography is so important. So far its imaginary images have been created. The Interstellar film, released in 2014, shows several developments related to this black hole.
Is the black hole only at the center of the galaxy? Or. About a dozen black holes have been found in our galaxy so far, and the existence of such black holes has been noted. The closest black hole to Earth is claimed to be 1600 light-years away. Indeed, the power-effect of dozens of known black holes is many times less than that of the giant black holes in the center of the Milky Way galaxy.
The Event Horizon Telescope captured a black hole in the center of the galaxy, Messier 87, 53 million light-years away. So now we have taken a picture of the black hole in the center of the galaxy where our sun travels. Although it is possible to learn more about this mysterious black hole, it is hoped that through that study the mystery of the formation of our galaxy will be able to understand the exact cause of the current state. As part of the study of photography. But it will no doubt help us to know the secrets of the formation of our stars, the Infinite Universe.
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