The 26th UN Conference on Climate Change (COP26) will be announced tomorrow, with more than 100 leaders signing a pledge to stop deforestation and land reclamation by 2030. Eighty-five percent of the forests are owned by the countries involved. Includes Brazil, Canada, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Russia, Colombia, and Indonesia.
To support compliance with the agreement, from 12 countries (United Kingdom, Norway, Republic of Korea, Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Japan, France, United States, Canada, EU, Germany) from 2021 to 2025. The idea is to support developing countries in restoring land that has been destroyed, in the fight against wildfires, and in supporting the rights of indigenous communities.
In addition, the private sector has pledged more than $ 7 billion (approximately $ 40 billion). The CEOs of more than 30 financial institutions have also pledged to avoid investing in activities related to deforestation. The innovative financial institution is expected to receive $ 3 billion (BRL 17 billion) for Amazon, Cerrado and Chaco (IFACC) initiatives aimed at promoting deforestation-free soy and livestock production in Latin America.
The announcement by Glasgow leaders on forestry and land use was made this Tuesday morning by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, U.S. Joe Biden, Ursula von der Lane, President of the European Commission.
In addition to this document, governments must sign a new declaration on forestry, agriculture, and commodity trade, which represents 75% of global trade in essential commodities that threaten forests (such as palm oil, cocoa, and soy). A set of measures to provide sustainable trade and reduce stress on forests. This should include supporting small farmers and improving the transparency of supply chains.
This is a historic commitment for Colombian President Ivan Duke. “Never before have so many leaders from all walks of life, from all walks of life, come together and Colombia is committed to playing its part. Latin America’s ambitious goals – to save 30% of our land and marine resources by 2030. With businesses, the economy, smallholders, communities and local communities. He said there should be.
Hope and anxiety
Ana Yang, executive director of the Chatham House Sustainability Accelerator, celebrated the agreement: “The Forest Deal is a major global effort to prevent deforestation. However, for a long-term solution, they point out, “the international community must also help ensure that the socio-economic needs and aspirations of people living in and around forests are met.”
Joseph Itongova Mukumo, a native of Valikale from the Democratic Republic of Congo and coordinator of the Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities Network for Sustainable Conservation of Forest Ecosystems, comments: “We are pleased to see the locals mentioned in the Forest Agreement. The political and economic spheres are putting pressure on communities for a safe period of time, not because it’s the right thing to do, but because it represents an appropriate and undisputed solution to deforestation that they do not deal with. The Congo Basin is the second largest rainforest.
For Simon Lewis, a professor of global change science at University College London, the biggest challenge is not signing the contract, but fulfilling it. “The fact that the aborigines have finally been recognized as the primary protectors of the forests is particularly welcome, as there is an additional funding for the rainforests and the obligations of the consumer countries and companies to clean up their supply chain.
It is noteworthy that for Mario Mantovani from SOS Mata Atlantica, the environmental agenda creates a lot of aggregation. “Today it is very clear that sustainability and climate issues are not just the talk of environmentalists. I see a lot of people from the financial sector, business people and people I don’t see in other COPs here,” he said. Echoing.
Inn Inaugural address at COP 26, In this second (first), local activist Tiksai Surui had already justified the urgency of ensuring a deforestation-free future. “It’s not 2030 or 2050, it’s now! The locals are at the forefront of the climate emergency, and we need to be at the center of the decisions being made here. We have ideas to delay the end of the world,” she said.
A Echoing, Txai stressed the importance of protecting the natives: “I came here to convey the message that there is no climate justice without social justice for the aborigines. We will resist regardless of the consequences from here.”
(Collaborating with Flora Bittencourt and Camilla Camilo from Glasgow, Scotland)
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