The NGO Amnesty International (AI), along with a number of international critics of the abuse of Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang Released This Thursday (10), he made a report alleging that the Chinese authorities had committed “crimes against humanity.”
O Report The 160-page book contains new testimonies from former prisoners about China’s actions against Xinjiang’s ethnic minorities. It is the second major NGO to sound the alarm this year after Human Rights Watch (HRW) alleged in April that it had committed “crimes against humanity” in China.
The report says the measures taken by the Chinese government since 2017 are to eradicate “religious traditions, cultural practices and the vernaculars of the Muslim ethnic groups in the region” under the guise of fighting terrorism.
“The Chinese authorities have created a remarkable dystopian hell in the Uyghur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang,” said Agnes Kalamard, Amnesty International’s Secretary-General.
The Secretary-General also stressed the need for the international community to be aware of the seriousness of the abuse in the region: Millions of people live in fear amid a huge surveillance device. ”
What does the report say?
The report notes how millions of people from ethnic minorities were unilaterally detained, some sent to prisons and others sent back to education camps.
Fifty former detainees interviewed by Amnesty International have been arrested on charges of possessing a religiously charged photo or communicating with anyone abroad. The initial interrogation by police was on steel chairs with leg irons and handcuffs that held the body in painful positions known as “tiger chairs”.
Beatings at police stations, insomnia and overcrowding are also common, with inmates reportedly stabbed and handcuffed during interrogation and handover.
From the moment they re-entered the education camps, the life of the prisoners was extraordinarily disciplined.
A woman arrested for installing WhatsApp on her cell phone said: “[Todo dia] You get up at 5am, you have to make the bed and it should be perfect. Followed by a flag-raising ceremony and swearing-in. Then you go to the restaurant for breakfast. Then to the classroom. Then lunch. Then to the classroom. Then dinner. Then another class. Then the bed. Two people must be on ‘duty’ every night [monitorando os outros companheiros de cela] Two hours … you don’t have a minute left. You are tired. ”
Compulsory re-education includes learning Mandarin and the Chinese Communist Party campaign, as well as rejecting Islam and abandoning the use of vernaculars. They rarely exercise or have access to orthodoxy.
In addition, punishments such as beating, trauma, solitary confinement, loss of food, water and sleep, or exposure to extreme cold have been reported.
Amnesty International reports that a prisoner would have died after being locked in a tiger chair in front of a cell for 72 hours.
In addition to all these abuses, the Muslim population in Xinjiang is one of the largest in the world, and many are hiding the outward signs of following Islam. Coronation, prayer mats and other religious items were also banned, the report said.
China claims that the camps are no longer in use and that former prisoners worked in the area. The Chinese government has recently been making efforts to deny the abuse of minorities in Xinjiang. Including With allegations Uyghur women were happy after re-education because they were not “baby factories”.
Under former President Donald Trump and current President Joe Biden, the US government is pressuring Beijing for a transparent response. The first is acts against the Muslim minority, such as “genocide” and “crimes against humanity”; The second was “genocide” by its Secretary of State, Anthony Blinken.
Agnes Kalamard, Amnesty International’s Secretary-General, has called for an independent inquiry into the killings, saying “the UN should immediately establish an independent inquiry into those responsible for the crimes under international law.”