The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) warned on the Red List this Saturday (4), 28% of 138,374 items The world is already classified as endangered, equivalent to 38,543 species.
In short, according to the publication, they are threatened with extinction:
- 41% of amphibians;
- 33% coral reefs;
- 34% conifers, mostly tree species;
- 26% mammals;
- 37% sharks, rays
- 14% of bird species
Alert organization for protection of marine life
One of the highlights Komodo dragons, The world’s largest lizard, is considered a World Heritage Site. The classification of lizards has changed from “weak” to “threatening”. This species is found only in Indonesia and only in the Komodo National Park. Due to climate change, rising sea levels will reduce the ideal Komodo dragon habitat by at least 30% over the next 45 years.
The red list is also highlighted Marine species, Warning 37% sharks and rays Listed in the world as endangered. In addition, overfishing is often threatened Two of the five endangered sharks. Climate change is leading to loss of marine habitat and erosion.
On the other hand, the document redefined the seven most commercially tuna species, four of which applied more sustainable fishing quotas and gave indications of gratitude to countries that have successfully tackled illegal fishing. One is the yellowfin tuna, which has changed from “threatening” to “less anxious”.
“Today’s IUCN Red List update is a strong indication that despite increasing pressure on our oceans, countries are recovering if they engage in sustainable training,” said IUCN Director-General Bruno Oberle.
Dozens of endangered rays are found dead on Santos Beach
However, tuna species that have failed to recover include the southern bluefin tuna, which has gone from “seriously endangered” to “threatened.”
An endangered species, the rye-field, was discovered by a Brazilian ship this year. – Photo: Disclosure / Environmental Police
30% of the trees are endangered
The State of the Worlds Trees report, published in August, was found At least 30% of the 60,000 known tree species are endangered. The alert affects a total of 17,500 tree species, more than double the number of endangered mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles, and is based on IUCN data.
The document refers to Brazil as “the country with the most biodiversity in the world, with the highest number of tree species (8,847) and the highest number of endangered species (1,788).”
Jacquetibe is an endangered tree in Vasununga State Park – Photo: Diego Lima / Olhos da Mata Atlantica
The survey warns that about 142 species have already disappeared from the forest and 442 are on the verge of extinction – in these cases, less than 50 individual trees of each species remain.
Endangered tree species are found in a wide variety of species, from the famous oak and magnolia found in our Amazon rainforest to tropical trees.
Amazon: The fire has already affected 95% of the species
The photo shows the anteater being killed in a fire that broke out in the Amazon on August 20 near Mirand do Nortec in Rontinia. – Photo: Ueslei Marcelino / Reuters
A study published in the September 1 issue of the scientific journal “Nature” with the participation of Brazilian scientists revealed that fires in the Amazon since 2001 may have been affected. 95.5% of vertebrate and animal species have already been listed across biomes. Scientists used data from the IUCN.
According to Nature’s publication, man-made fires in the Amazon over the past 20 years have already affected 85.2% of endangered plant and animal habitats, and 53 of the 55 species of mammals have become extinct; 5 of the 9 endangered reptile species; Of the 107 amphibians, 95 are endangered; 236 of the 264 endangered plant species.
Among mammals that are endangered and directly affected by the Amazon fires, the study also cites examples of certain species of marmosets, spider monkeys, and some birds such as the Murchison.
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