The consequences of the changing climate for farmers and horticulturists have been mapped out for some time. Many researchers are working on this. However, its consequences vary from company to company, from crop to crop, and from region to region. Climate change is a monster with many heads.
Who forgives climate damage to agriculture?
Research on the effects of climate change is underway around the world, and of course in the Netherlands. Related institutes include KNMI and Wageningen University & Research. The action program involves Climate Adaptation Agriculture, LTO Netherlands, Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, Union of Water Boards, Provinces, Municipalities and Dutch Association of Insurers.
What is the purpose of this activity?
By the end of this year, the climate adaptation of each region and land use must identify the risks, barriers and opportunities in the region. In addition, steps are being taken to address barriers and seize opportunities. The goal is for all entrepreneurs in the agriculture and horticulture sectors to be prepared to effectively tackle climate change by 2030. It provides farmers with a comprehensive overview of options for preparing for climate change.
What are the changes that have most affected Dutch agriculture?
These are changes in temperature, rainfall, evaporation, and climate change. In all KNMI conditions for climate change, the temperature in the Netherlands rises, especially in winter. Hot summers and mild winters are more common. Rainfall increases in all seasons except summer. By 2050, evaporation will increase by 3 to 7 percent. In summer it increases to 4 to 11 percent.
What does this mean for different crops?
The study ‘Open Crops and Climate Adaptation in Relations to Financial Relations’ examined several crops. The greatest dangers of potatoes are, for example, wet springs, damp autumn, and prolonged moisture in summer. The grain can withstand heat well, but severe drought prevents growth.
Are there opportunities due to climate change?
Research has also been done in this regard. The achievements of Dutch agriculture are mainly due to our innovative power to create new export products. Think about breeding and water techniques. The starting points for Dutch farmers and horticulturists are much more favorable than in the countries around the Mediterranean Sea, for example, some crops are no longer possible.
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